Frozen shoulder, often referred as adhesive capsulitis is the loss of motion of the shoulder. The cause is often unknown and can come on suddenly and/or develop progressively.
People affected by this condition are usually between 40 and 60 years old. Diabetes mellitus is a common risk factor.
Patients suffering from frozen shoulder experience stiffness, pain, inability to reach overhead with significant decrease in the range of motion.
Treatment options initially include NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatories, such as ibuprofen), pain medication, steroid injections and physical therapy. If pain and stiffness persists, arthroscopic surgery may be necessary.
Arthroscopic capsular release involves cutting and removing the inflamed and thickened capsule tissue to allow the shoulder to move more freely. The capsule is released using a special probe. The procedure more often is performed as a day-case.
Postoperatively a shoulder motion program is supervised by a physiotherapist. Patients are encouraged to use their arm for daily activities and a sling is not worn